There are 8 permanent galleries in the museum. Each of the galleries depict one or more themes of the history of Broad Mountain (South Cumberland Plateau) that have had national or international impact. In addition the museum displays artifacts, paintings, photographs, banners and writings that portray the culture of the region.
- Geology of the South Cumberland Plateau
- Chikamaka (Chickamauga) Story
- Summerfield (Lilian Johnson and her agricultural cooperative, May Justus, and Highlander Folk School)
- Chautauqua Movement (Monteagle Sunday School Assembly)
- Beersheba Springs
- Origin of the New South – birth of southern industry at Tracy City
- Swiss Settlement at Gruetli-Laager
- Timber, Lumber and Conservation
The exhibits include ancient Native American trails that were used in defense of tribal lands against pioneer settlements; Native American and pioneer settlement on the plateau, the coves and valleys; a vibrant antebellum resort with hotel that still exists as a conference and retreat center; extraordinary railroad engineering feats; major post civil war industrial development that included the innovation of producing coke from bituminous coal with sufficient heat intensity to smelt iron into steel; state prisoner leasing; the development of one of Tennessee’s largest lumber milling operations; an international social experiment of colonizing a settlement; seeds and implementation for the formation of The University of the South; a 19th century Chautauqua that has continued uninterrupted to this day; the origin of the Tennessee Walking Horse; significant labor and civil rights education and training activities that have had an impact upon the entire country; enormous land conservation advancements with several non contiguous segments of a state park and recreational amenities.